Multi Camera Setup
Multi camera studios are used for shooting TV shows like X- Factor and Britain’s Got Talent, they’re also used for news show like ITV Granada. They are used to get different angles of the show, this keeps the show entertaining because audiences aren’t seeing the same show for a long period of time. However in news shows the same shot may be used throughout but there’s also VT’s to keep the audience entertained. News shows could also change their shots when doing live or pre-recorded interviews, However this again would be a VT.
Action films use a multi camera setup to get different angles of the action. Here is an example of a multi camera setup, this setup is filming a fight scene from The Expendables: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=t1VSuAL2sQM
This is a diagram showing a multi camera setup:
Single Camera Setup
Compared to a multi camera setup, single camera shooting is much different. A single camera setup would normally be used in films and TV shows, TV shows which use a single camera set up include: The Office, Peep Show, Arrested Development.
With a single camera setup the director will tell the actor A to read out his lines and then tell actor B to read out her lines, in the editing process, the editor will then edit the shots together to make it seem like they’re conversing with each other. Even though most films use a single camera setup there is another camera, this means that there’s one camera that’d got a medium shot of the scene and another camera with a close up of the scene.
Here is a clip from a Hong Kong action film, directed by John Woo, this whole action sequence is one long take sing one camera, this is very different to most action films: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=3bozxgVQ9m0
This is a diagram of a single camera setup:
DSLR stands for; Digital single-lens reflex camera.
DSLRs typically use interchangeable lenses (1) with a proprietary lens mount. A movable mechanical mirror system (2) is switched down (exact 45-degree angle) to direct light from the lens over a matte focusing screen (5) via a condenser lens (6) and a pentaprism/pentamirror (7) to an optical viewfinder eyepiece (8).
This is a diagram of a DSLR camera:
When we used the DSLR cameras we were experimenting with shutter speeds. Shutter speed is measured in fractions of a second, and indicates how fast the curtains at the film plane open and close, this can give your shots a totally different look. Here’s some examples:
The reason I chose pictures taking place at night is because we did our work in the dark, we had torches and made out words and symbols, we also ‘drew’ an outline over people’s bodies, this made the effect of an extra layer over one’s body. Here are some examples of my work: